Agro Farming Division
Castor is a non-edible oilseed crop, which is grown in arid and semi arid region. It is originated in the tropical belt of both India and Africa. It is cultivated in 30 different countries on commercial scale, of which India, China, Brazil, USSR, Thailand, Ethiopia and Philippines are major castor growing countries, which accounts for 88% of the world's production.
Historically, Brazil, China and India have been the key producing countries meeting global requirements. However, in early 90’s, Brazilian farmers moved away to more lucrative cash crops and surge in domestic demand in China made them net importers, leaving India to meet the global demand.
Indian Scenario: India is one of the largest castor seed producing countries in the world. The production in India has been witnessing an increasing trend since beginning of the current decade due to increased usage of castor oil in different industries. Moreover, strong export demand for castor oil was also one of the reasons for rise in production. Cultivation of castor seed mainly confined to western states like Gujarat and Rajasthan. Gujarat accounts for 72% of the castor seed production in India followed by ajasthan (16%), Andhra Pradesh (9%) and other states account for 3% of the total production. Gujarat has about 20 castor seed processing mills and major hub for castor seed industry.
As a backward integration program and to procure quality castor seeds the main raw material, the company has initiated contract farming and is providing farmers vital information in procuring quality seeds, preparation of soil to suit castor cultivation and use of fertilizers. The contract farming is presently in the state of AP and will be expanded to other states very soon.